Gum and teeth change

During pregnancy, your gums are more likely to become inflamed or infected. Most pregnant women have some bleeding of their gums, especially while brushing or flossing their teeth. Inflamed gums are called “gingivitis.” Infected gums are called “periodontal disease.” You may also notice that your mouth produces more saliva during pregnancy. Your gums and teeth may change during pregnancy because of:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Increased blood flow throughout your body that can cause swelling, sensitivity and tenderness in your gums

What you can do
It’s important to keep you gums and teeth healthy during pregnancy.

Keep teeth and gums clean.

  • If possible, brush after every meal for at least 5 minutes at a time.
  • Floss daily. If possible, floss after every meal.

Be gentle with your teeth and gums.

  • Use a soft-bristled brush and brush gently.
  • If you have a lot of sensitivity, try using toothpaste designed for sensitive gums.
  • If your gums hurt after brushing, apply ice to soothe the pain.

Cut down on sweets.

  • Candy, cookies, cake, soft drinks and other sweets can contribute to gum disease and tooth decay.
  • Instead, have fresh fruit or make other healthy choices to satisfy your sweet tooth.

Get regular dental care.

  • If left unchecked, some conditions, like gingivitis, may lead to more serious gum disease.
  • Be sure to have a dental checkup early in pregnancy to help your mouth remain healthy.
  • You may even want to see your dentist more often than usual.

Don’t put off dental work until after delivery.

  • Decaying teeth can cause infection that could harm your baby.
  • Always be sure to tell your dentist that you’re pregnant and how far along you are.